Who Cares in Nicaragua? A Care Regime in an Exclusionary Social Policy Context
Martínez Franzoni, Juliana
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In Latin American countries with historically strong social policy regimes (such as those in the Southern Cone), neoliberal policies are usually blamed for the increased burden of female unpaid work. However, studying the Nicaraguan care regime in two clearly deﬁned periods — the Sandinista and the neoliberal eras — suggests that this argument may not hold in the caseofcountrieswithhighlyfamilialistsocialpolicyregimes.Despitemajor economic, political and policy shifts, the role of female unpaid work, both within the family and in the community, remains persistent and pivotal, and was signiﬁcant long before the onset of neoliberal policies. Nicaragua’s care regimehasbeenhighlydependentonthe‘community’or‘voluntary’workof mostlywomen.Thishasalsobeen,andcontinuestobe,vitalfortheviability of many public social programmes.